I studied making Windsor chairs under David Wright at the Marc Adams School of Woodworking. These chairs are made in a traditional style and with traditional methods. The chair spokes are all turned, the seat is made of a soft wood such as poplar or soft maple, the back is made of white oak and is steam bent into its final shape. The back of the chair is made using a draw knife and spoke shaves to final fit the pieces.
Each chair is a seven-day week’s work and starts with hand hewing white oak staves from a raw log. This is done to be sure you have kept within a growth ring to ensure that the wood will not splinter. The tenons are super dried and then placed into a higher moisture content seat. These tenons are then wedged in. The result is that the super dried tenons expand, the seat holes shrink, and the wedges stay tight resulting in the strongest designed chair in American History. David Wright said he was delivering a set of these chairs and had one fall out of his pickup at 70 miles / hour. The chair was undamaged from the violent tumble into the ditch! (He didn’t deliver that one to his customer by the way!)